What happened today in Texas history? November 11 | Arts & Culture
On this day in 1918, World War I blessedly came to an end. A total of 198,000 Texans served in the armed forces during the course of the war. 5,171 Texans died in the armed services (one of whom was a nurse), 4,748 of the dead served in the army. More than one-third of the deaths occurred inside the U.S., many as a result of an influenza epidemin in 1918. According to the Texas State Historical Association, "four Texans were awarded the Medal of Honor. In a trend that would become even more marked during World War II, military camps were established in Texas to train men for service and the state was the main location for pilot training for military aviation."
On this day in 1843, five churches in East Texas joined together to organize the Sabine Baptist Association. The churches were:
Union (Old North) Church (four miles north of Nacogdoches)
Union Church (Nacogdoches County)
Mt. Zion Church (Nacogdoches County)
Border Church (Harrison County)
Bethel Church (Harrison County)
Sabine County Bethel Church chose to participate, and that angered Daniel Parker, who had helped the church write its constitution in 1841. Parker was against Sunday Schools, Bible societies, and other groups in the church, believing they were not scriptural. He called for the church to stop calling itself a church, saying it had "departed from the faith and order." However, the church thrived, baptizing 36 people two months later. Bethel is now the oldest Baptist church in Sabine County, and it has remained continuously operational since its founding. It changed its name to New Hope Baptist church in about 1870.
From the church's historical marker:
In the early 19th century, Bethel Baptist Mission was established one mile east of this marker, on a lane that is now Farm Road 276. About 1818, Elder William Cook (d. 1829), having emigrated from North Carolina to southwestern Louisiana, began preaching both east and west of the Sabine. A log cabin under a catawba tree on property of Henry Chambers and his son, Allen, was site of Bethel Mission services. Elder Cook's work here and elsewhere is described by heirs of the pioneers and by a 1910 Louisiana history, "Footsteps of the Flock," by Ivan M. Wise. Bethel Baptist Church was constituted on Feb. 7, 1841, as a congregation of the Pilgrim Church of Regular Baptist Faith and Order. At that time a frame meetinghouse was built. Bethel broke off its fellowship with the Pilgrim Order in 1849, joining the Central Missionary Baptist Association. The name "Bethel" was changed about 1870 to "New Hope." This church joined the Southern Baptist Convention in 1927. It also belongs to the Sabine Valley Baptist Association. W. T. Love has been pastor since 1937. New Hope-Bethel Church stands on land which was donated by J. G. Mason. The present brick sanctuary was erected in 1970.
On this day in 1833, the Amos Wright sailed from New York from Texas with fifty-nine men, women and children on board. They were to settle a proposed colony backed by the Rio Grande and Texas Land Company. Their commander was John Charles Beales. Beales and James Grant had acquired two tracts of land and were set on settling 800 families in the area between the Rio Grande and the Nueces.
The 59 colonists landed at Copano Bay in December 1833, and journeyed in wagons to Las Moras Creek in what is now Kinney County. The settlers planted their settlement in March 1834 and named it Dolores, the name of Beales' wife, a native of Mexico. However, the Texas Revolution occurred and disprupted those plans, and the colonists, while on a wagon train, were attacked by Comanche Indians and were massacred. This occurred on the Matamoros road; only two women and their small children survived, and they were taken captive by the Comanches. (To read more about the Comanche Indians, click here.)
Today's Texas music: Amarillo by Morning - George Strait
Today's Texas quote: "News events are like Texas weather. If you don't like it, wait a minute." ~Jessica Savitch, journalist